Punjab Geographer

Annual Journal volume 11

October 2015

ISSN-0973-3485

APG Journal Volume 11

Editor: Dr. H.S. Mangat
Mananging Editor: K. Surjit Singh

Contents:

Omvir Singh, Amrita: Groundwater Variability in Haryana: A Spatio-Temporal Analysis.

Groundwater resources play a major role in ensuring food and livelihood security across the world, especially in countries that depend on agriculture. The state of Haryana in India has witnessed tremendous increase in agricultural production since the spread of Green Revolution and increased use of water resources. The increased demand of water for irrigation has resulted in intensive exploitation of groundwater resources in the state. Therefore, groundwater table in the state has reached at a critical level of depth. The average annual decline in groundwater table depth was observed to be above 56.3 cm. The average depth of groundwater table in the state has increased from 12.5 m to 17.2 m during 2004-13. Further, the area under critical depth of groundwater table (more than 10 m) has increased from 52 per cent in 2004 to 62 per cent in 2013. Depletion of groundwater resources at such an alarming rate will threaten the long term sustainability of tube-well irrigated agriculture in Haryana. In this study, therefore, an attempt has been made to assess the spatial and temporal groundwater table variability in Haryana during recent times (2004-2013) to highlight the overexploitation of groundwater resources.

Bhawna Bali: Residential Neighbourhood Characteristics in the Civil Area of Jalandhar Cantonment.

Residential space is the most discernible aspect of a city's morphology, which reflects social, cultural and historical lineage of the city, and changing norms of construction designs. The civil or bazaar area established by British in cantonment towns of India represents a unique planned residential-cum-commercial urban development within administratively controlled environment. With the Civil Area of Jalandhar Cantonment as a case study, this work examines the characteristics of residential areas through three attributes, viz. size of residential plots, intensity of residential buildings and annual rental value of residential buildings. Based on mohalla level analysis of data drawn from unpublished ownership and revenue records as well as field survey, this study reveals congruence between physical and socio-economic attributes in shaping the residential types. The residential neighbourhoods in the Civil Area of Jalandhar Cantonment show differentiation along socio-economic contours, with their spatial distribution characterised by low class residential mohallas in central locations and high class residential areas on the periphery.

Abha Lakshmi Singh, Shanawaz Ahmad Baba: Srinagar City: Housing Deprivation.

Although the living conditions have improved everywhere, yet a large number of people in the urban areas have remained deprived of shelter and basic amenities and facilities for them. Keeping this aspect in mind an attempt has been made in this study, to measure housing deprivation in Srinagar city on the basis of identified indicators so that future plans could be made to improve their condition. The study is based on primary sources of data collected from 1,500 households of Srinagar city belonging to different income groups during 2012-13. The findings show that the most deprived households were of low and lower-middle income, while less deprived were from the upper-middle income households. The most deprived has acute housing, water and sanitation problems which require immediate attention by the local municipal authorities to improve the quality of life of the urban deprived lots.

Narinder Kumar, Subhash C Sharma: Population Geography: A Bibliometric Analysis.

Research journals play a significant role in teaching and research in higher education. These also promote scholarship that perceives multidimensional problems of the mankind in totality and present them with sagacity, truth and vision. The journals also lend a new perspective and dimensions, to illuminate hitherto unexplored areas of a subject and make it a profound research study. Moreover, journals provide a forum for the interdisciplinary study of contemporary issues which encourage closer interaction between various branches of knowledge. The present paper is an attempt to understand the publication patterns of a journal. The study presents the Bibliometric analysis of research papers published in the 'Population Geography' during 20 years period (1994-2013). There were a total of 132 research papers published during this period. Based on published research papers, present study examines the period-wise distribution, authorship pattern, thematic distribution, length of the articles, regional distribution of authors, institutional affiliation of the authors, references, citations, and use of maps and graphs as cartographic tools.

Anuradha Sharma, Tajinder Kour: Work Participation and Empowerment of Women: A Case Study of Jammu District.

About half of the world's population, known as better half are women. But better halves are great sufferer in men-dominated society. Throughout history, society has assigned the role of breadwinner to man and expected him to provide for himself and for his family. Employment is crucial to reduction and removal of poverty. Over the past two decades, there has been a relative increase in the economic participation of women in India. The present research aims to assess work participation and empowerment of women in Jammu District of Jammu and Kashmir State. The study is based on both primary and secondary sources of data. From the study it has been observed that women work participation rate in Jammu district is only 12.72 per cent, thereby indicating a cause of concern.

H. S. Mangat, Lakhvir Singh Gill: Haryana: Levels of Road Transportation.

Road transportation is a catalytic infrastructure that not only activates but also facilitates other infrastructural facilities. This study therefore, is focused on road transportation facility of the state of Haryana. The study is based on data collected from different secondary sources. The study concludes that during the last decade of 2001-2011, total surfaced roads in India increased from 137.50 km per lakh of population to 167.03 km recording a growth rate of 21.5 per cent, while Haryana witnessed -2.3 per cent decline in this category of roads during the period, as metalled roads in Haryana declined from 108.6 km per lakh population in 2001 to 106.1 km in 2011. Similarly, Haryana with 2.1 per cent population of the country accounts for 1.08 per cent length of different highways and 1.65 per cent of total surfaced highways in India. Besides, Haryana has 3.8 per cent of total vehicles in the country against its share of 2.1 per cent of population. Similarly, Haryana has 161 registered motor vehicles per kilometre of surfaced metalled road length against the national average of 70 motor vehicles. Thus, the state has 2.3 times more pressure of motor vehicles on its roads than the national average. As a result 13 persons die and 27 get injured in accidents every day on its roads suggesting a serious concern for the road transport planners.